If you are puzzeled, the answer to the above is ‘fish’.
gh = f, as in laugh;
o = i, as in women;
ti = sh, as in station.
The writing IELTS test lasts 60 mintes and are 2 tasks to complete. For task 1: if you are doing the General test, you need to write a letter of a minimum of 150 words. If you are doing the Accademic test, you need to write a 150 word (minimum) report about a chart. For task 2 both Accademic and General IELTS candidates need to write an essay of a minimum of 250 words.
It is advised that you do the essay (task 2) first as this carries most of the points (6/9) and task 1 only 3 out of the 9 points. If you hand in an unfinished piece of work, you will lose points even if you have written more than 250 words. We suggest that you write no more than 170 words for task 1 and 250 words for task 2 as writing more just wastes your time and you may not have the possibility to finish one of the tasks.
In the test you should divide your time into 3 parts:
1) 10 minutes for planning
2) 20 minutes for writing
3) 10 minutes for checking
It is VERY important to PLAN your piece of writing as it counts for 70% of the work. The plan will not be checked but this is where you are doing the thinking and organising of ideas. Once you have made a PLAN, writing the essay becomes a lot easier. Writing an essay involves many things such as:
relevance to the task
If you start writing without doing a PLAN, your chances of making mistakes are high. By PLANNING you are dividing the list above into two making your task easier to accomplish.
So what does it consist of? There are 4 steps to creating a good PLAN.
1) Understand the task
3) Sort out ideas
4) Make a skeleton of the essay
(see attachement ‘writing for IELTS’ for more detail)
From your skeleton you may start writing your essay. Writing 260 (average) in 20 minutes shouldn’t be difficult as 260/20=13
i.e. you only need to write 13 words per minute. In IELTS all words count. Look at the sentence bellow:
‘Yesterday I bought a car from a friend, which is in great need of repair.’
There are 15 words in the sentence, articles, prepositions, everything counts. Therefore 13 words per minute is not much, but only if you PLANNED your answer before writing.
Checking also has four steps:
Checking for structure means seeing if you have divided your essay into 4 paragraphs and seeing if you have followed the structures for each part (introduction, body, conclusion) (see attachement ‘writing for IELTS’ for more detail).
Checking for ideas means seeing if your ideas are relevant to the question and have you explained them sufficiently.
Checking your grammar involves seeing if you haveused the write tenses, articles, prepositions and so on.
Spelling is seeing if you have written the words correctly.
There are 3 types of essay:
1) For or against
2) Give your opinion
In the first you can either agree, disagree or do both. The second requires you to write what you think about the topic. For the last one you must write about both sides of the argument.
writing for IELTS
Writing task 1 is the same as above exept you need to divide the times by 2, i.e.:
1) 5 minutes planning
2) 10 minutes writing
3) 5 minutes checking
There are three types of letter:
Formal letters are to people you do not know or official correspondence. Semi- formal letters are to people you don’t know well, and the last (informal) to family or friends.
In this part you’ll be given one or a combination of the following:
1) line graph
2) pie chart
3) bar chart
5) diagram (this will always be given individually)
See the attachement bellow for more information.
A good web site to visit in order to get more examples of ‘academic writing’ is: